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December 28, 1927:

Mexico City – Tampico            2:10 hours, 216 miles

Tampico – Brownsville            2:35 hours, 252 miles

Brownsville – San Antonio       2:40 hours, 235 miles

December 29, 1927:

San Antonio – Dallas              2:20 hours, 275 miles

Dallas – Muskogee                1:55 hours, 220 miles

Muskogee – St. Louis             3:00 hours, 338 miles

December 31, 1927:  

St. Louis – Chicago                 3:00 hours, 289 miles

January 1, 1928:

Chicago – Edwardsburg, MI       :40 minutes

Edwardsburg, MI – Sturgis     : 20 minutes

Sturgis – Dearborn                     :55 minutes, 247 miles


Mexico City – Dearborn       19:35 hours, 2032 miles
Mexico City Round Trip Total:  4087 miles in 41 hours 30 minutes.

Henry Ford Museum photo ©
Harry Brooks and Harry Russell flew 1077 on the Mexico trip

Date: January 2, 1928:
[hand note from Mr. Runkis: “Must be finished at 4:00 p.m. 1-3-28”,  "RUSH" in large letters are written along the side – this is a SQWAK list]

(W/O:  6575, see completion notes below)

1.  Install new starters.

2.  Replace cowl pins.

3.  Bump out cowls.

4.  Repair heater control rods. [hand notes say “turn to rear”]

5.  Lights do not work on instrument board

6.  Navigation light knocked off

7.  Primer line broken. [hand note says, “center motor”]

8.  Exhaust pipes broken.

9.  Replace cracked glass in windshields.

10.  Check over landing gear rubbers.

11.  Brakes broken.

12.  Heaters in cabin and cockpit no good.

13.  Cabin Floor becoming loose.

14.  Carburetor heaters no good.  [see solution in 14 below!]

15.  Outboard engines run too cold.

16.  Paint burnt off of wings back of exhaust pipes

17.  Check over control wires.

18.  Repair skins on stabilizer. [hand written note says “xchange stabilizer”]

19.  Bump out skin all over plane.

“The above taken up with Mr. Runkis this A.M.”  H L Russell


From the above list, a clean report entitled: “WORK DONE ON SHIP 4AT-10 –  A 6575” was subsequently generated as below:  (W/O:  6575)

1.  Clean ship

2.  Repair brake – Hand lever is loose in collar – Pistons are disconnected from hand lever at ball joints.

3.  Primer line to center engine is broken – Clips are loose. Do not refasten these clips with Parker-Kalon metal screws

4.  Put on new dural heater cover in baggage room.

5.  Replace broken glass right side of cockpit

6.  Replace broken glass left front side of windshield.

7.  Connection of heavy starter cables above battery box is not safely taped. This must be taped first with rubber tape, then friction tape.

8.  Repair light – rear of station “O”.

9.  Repair instrument and running light circuits.

10. Repair exhaust pipes.

11.  Battery acid has run out on floor – clean off.

12.  Floor – center of cabin – Edge sticks up – Liable to trip passengers.

13.  Cardboard trim aft of station 3 is pulled out over baseboard.

14.  Turn carburetor heaters around.

15.  Fasten pull cables and shackles (from old outboard electric starters) so that they will not shake against or wear thru the oil pipe.

16.  Cowl pin broken.

17.  Install new starters.

18.  Replace cowl pins.

19.  Bump out cowls.

20.  Navigation light knocked off.

21.  Replace cracked glass in windshields

22.  Check over landing gear rubbers.

Paint burnt off wings back of exhaust pipes.

23.  Check over control wires.

25.  Change stabilizer [first notes said just “repair skins on stabilizer” then altered to “xchange stabilizer”]

26.  Bump out skin all over plane.

January 5, 1928:

Telegram dated January 5, 1928, 5:15 p.m.

New York, NY – Mitchell Field

From Harry Brooks to Henry Ford: “Arrived Mitchell Field OK total flying time from Detroit four hours twenty minutes strong tail wind”. Brooks

Date: January 11, 1928: 
Parts order dated 1/11/28 12:15 PM   Al Smith
W/O: A6597
RUSH TODAY BY FAST EXPRESS (No Charge) the following parts to Harry Russell, care of Geo Robertson, Ford Motor Company, New York, for Ship 4AT-10:
[This may be for the N.Y. aircraft show. Check HFM photo #50999 for “girls at NY show w/a Ford tri-motor 2-28]

1. Complete set of bolts for outboard engine mount, including bolts for fastening to wing.

2. Complete set of wiring and switches outboard engines, including booster wire.

3. A supply of wing and wingtip bolts.

4. Supply of metal screws and 10-32 bolts, nuts and lock washers.

5. Large hose clamps for streamline on landing gear.

6. Set of bolts for sail section

7. Supply of Brake Fluid

8. Landing Gear Bolts.

9. Primer line valves for outboard carburetors. Also fittings for primer lines.

Signed: R T Walker (GJK)

[hand notes: Must be there by Sat. Have tracer follow..]



W/O: A 6626

4AT10 [hand written list]

1. Installed prime gun & line on outboard motors.

2.  Trailing edge of right wing tip, 3 feet from hatch cover

3.  New streamline for left axle strut. Paint job no good.

4.  Bumping out flat spots on top of wing.

5.  Safety hatch covers with wire and metal screws.

6.  New ignition & light junction boxes in wing & fuselage.

7.  New exhaust clamp – center motor. No good – crooked.

8.  Replace Damaged Skin on Rudder.

9.  Reverse aileron control cables & re-rig.

10.  Re-rig tail surface control cables.

11.  Remove aileron control pulleys and install spares

12. [blank]

13.  Tightening Right Hand brake strut. No good. à Stud backed out of beam. Why?

14.  Bumping out wheel cover right hand side.

15.  Repair left motor stack stay strip.

16.  Fuselage reinforcement with two skin patches, forward of Station  #11.

17.  Put on new tail skid shoe

[signed by M S Beal (sp?)]


March 27, 1928:
HFM has a good picture of Balchen and Bennett in front of a tri-motor dated March 27, 1928, could easily be Byrd’s but perhaps 1077 – need to verify….

March 11, 1928:
Dearborn, MI

There is a photo of #10 posed with the Ford’s 1908 Bleriot dated this date.

Date: April  1928:
Aircraft in Detroit
The Bremen Rescue:
Excerpts from “The Bremen”.

          Because Admiral Byrd’s Ford was not ready: “It did not take the Ford company long to find another 4AT Trimotor. Sitting in their hangar at Dearborn was one that belonged to Sky View Lines Inc. of Detroit and bore the serial number 10.  It had been used to fly Charles Lindbergh’s mother to Mexico for Christmas in 1927 and was being prepared for Sky View Lined, Ltd., of Chippawa, Ontario, near Niagara Falls. I was about to have the Canadian registration C-CARC added to its U.S. markings, C-1077, in order to fly sightseeing passengers over Niagara Falls. The machine was ideal for a Greenly mission as it had long-ranger tanks giving a range of up to 20 hours. A lease was soon arranged to the New York World and the insurance value was set at $70,000 (7 percent premium with $5000 deductible)…”

            Byrd’s pilots, Floyd Bennett and Bernt Balchen, were asked to fly the Trimotor and made their way from New York to Detroit on the 18th with reporter Charles J.V. Murphy in a Bellanca that was being evaluated for the Arctic expedition…

            …here at last was an aircraft large enough to be of practical use and the pilot were two of the top names in the business…

            Bennett had been Byrd’s pilot on two of his adventures in the Arctic and was Byrd’s pilot in his claimed first flight over the North Pole, a feat Bennett says was not quite accomplished.

            Balchen had provided invaluable help during Byrd’s 1926 North Pole attempt. He also played a major role in Byrd’s Atlantic flight in the America, June 29, 1927. Balchen ended up doing most of the piloting on the transatlantic flight and, as Tony Fokker put it, “Balchen put Byrd permanently in his debt by saving the lives of the America’s crew…” He later became the first pilot to fly over the South Pole.

Henry Ford Museum photo ©
Bernt Balchen and Floyd Bennett

April  20th, 1928:

Dearborn – Lac Ste. Agnes

Pilots: Bernt Balchen & Floyd Bennett


Charles Murphy, New York World

Thomas Mulroy, fuel engineer, Byrd Antarctic team

Carl Wenzel, mechanic, Ford Airplane Division


April  24th, 1928:

Lac Ste. Agnes – Sept Iles

Pilot: Bernt Balchen

Co-pilot: Fitzmaurice


Charles Murphy

Ernest Koeppen, supervisor for spares and benzol


April  25th, 1928:

Sept Iles –> Greenly Island

Pilot: Bernt Balchen

Co-pilot: Fitzmaurice


Charles Murphy

Ernest Koeppen, supervisor for spares and benzol

From “The Bremen” © Fred W. Hotson

Sept Iles – Greenly Island            6 hours 30 minutes

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